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Deng Chundong: What has scientific development view made clear for us?
  

  The most important achievement of the 18th National Congress of Communist Party of China is to make clear the ideology guidance of the scientific development view for our party. Enriching the theoretical systems of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the scientific development view is vital for us to hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics and to smoothly push forward the course of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the right direction.

  Continually focusing around the fundamental issues like what is socialism and how to build socialism, the scientific development view tells us what kind of development we need to realize and how to develop in the new context, which reflects the organic combination of the basic principles of Marxism and the development reality in contemporary China. By analyzing the experience and problems in the practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics, especially that since the reform and opening up, with the basic theories of scientific socialism, the scientific development view is the basic theory which tells us how to develop better, more reasonable and more scientific on the current basis.

  Firstly, scientific development view is of decisive importance to ensure a health, better and faster development of China’s economy. In today’s China, development is the priority of the rejuvenation of China under the leadership of CPC. It is consensus to increase the income level of China’s people by raising the economic quantity and the economic development level, and focusing on economic construction. Such consensus and enthusiasm has encouraged tremendous achievements during the past decades. However, in practice, some local governments pursue development by polluting the environment and depleting the resources, which results in pollution and farmland occupation in some places. At the same time, the development relies too much on cheap energy and labor in some industries since they lack the capabilities of innovation. It is in the process to address these issues that the scientific development view has been gradually adopted by the central leadership of CPC. The scientific development view proposes a series of new guidance and requirements for better economic development, which include: speed up the transformation of economic development model from extensive one to intensive one. Implement innovation drive strategy to raise the capability of original innovation. Implement the strategy of sustainable development to protect the environment, save resources and to gain more achievements with less consumption of resources. Develop recycled economy including recycling and the use of renewable resources, etc. As the development strategy and tactics in the new context, these important viewpoints clarify the correct economic development path of China. (1) This path shows to the whole party that the economic development in China should be selective both in industries and projects, in broad configuration and specific measures. We cannot develop without considering the expenses and just pursue GDP. (2) We need input-output analysis in development. There should be evaluation of farmland, freshwater, underground resources, environmental impact for each project in each industry at different places and comparison of these evaluations among different places. It is unscientific to develop similar projects and/or industries everywhere, nor to develop with high consumption of environment and resources. (3) The economic development in China and the increase of China’s GDP should not rely on cheap labor. Instead of OEM manufacturing which just imitate others and earn trivial revenues by processing, we should implement innovation drive strategy to raise the capability of original innovation. (4) Emphasize more on the quality of economic development which means to enhance the competitive edge of China’s manufacturing by refining enterprise management, product manufacturing, and service, etc. (5) Implement sustainable development strategy where all the industrial configuration and project construction should be done with strategic perspective for long-term sustainable development.

  Secondly, the scientific development view gives scientific and overall stipulation to development. After the third plenary session of the 11th CPC National Congress, we corrected the mistakes of prioritizing on class struggle and transferred the priority of the work of the whole party from class struggle to economic construction. This right decision is vital to the huge progress China has made these years. However, in practice, some local and grassroots governments mistaken such transformation. Only focusing on economic work, they intentionally or unintentionally overlook or despise other important tasks that are indispensible to the construction of socialist modernization. Comrade Deng Xiaoping had pointed early on that we should promote economic construction and at the same time strengthen spiritual construction. Later on, our party has proposed “three-in-one” and “four-in-one” general tasks. The 18th National Congress further puts forward the “five-in-one” general task. This clarifies for the whole party that the “development” tasks our party undertake during the course of socialism with Chinese characteristics do not only include economic construction, they also cover political, cultural, social and ecological construction. To fulfill such “development” tasks require us to: (1) realize that “development is the priority” is a comprehensive concept which does not only include economic construction. (2) Work hard on political, cultural, social, society and environmental construction while at the same time focus on economic construction. (3) Make comprehensive plans taking into consideration of all the aspects in a coordinated way so as to promote the overall development.

  Thirdly, the scientific development view clarifies the aim of development. During the process of development, the different appreciation of the relationship between people and “development” is the key to differentiate different “development” view. It is a key issue relating to the nature of development to understand the role of people---whether it isthe means or aims, tools or principal position. As the vanguard of the working class and the Chinese nations, our party should never treat people as just the means and tools for development. The scientific development view makes it clear for us that people are aim and principal position, not means and tools. Hu Jintao has made clear the following points in his speech: (1) the aim of the construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the welfare society and the socialist modernization if the happiness and better future for all Chinese people. (2) People account for the principal position in “development” in the sense that the development must rely on people, give full play to their initiative, enthusiasm and creativity. The aim of the development is service for people. (3) Accounting for the principal position, people must share the achievements of development which should not just benefit a small number of people. To realize this goal, we must pursue the path of common prosperity by developing grassroots democracy of socialism, improving the public cultural service system, and strengthening social and ecological civilization construction. Let people to have more democratic rights, enjoy basic public services equally, and enjoy better living standards and environment.

  Fourthly, the scientific development view clarifies the mindset and benchmark to evaluate the effects of “development”. Over the past three decades, "development" concept has been deeply rooted in the hearts of Chinese people, and China has made remarkable achievements of development. However, in practice, some local governments pursue development by polluting the environment, depleting the resources, and overlooking the overall coordination because of lack of the correct development mindset. With this regards, comrade Hu Jintao has put forward a series of correct mindset and principle to evaluate development, which include: (1) whether the development is sustainable.(2)Whether the development can benefit most of the people instead of just a few, in other words, whether social equality and justice is realized at the same time. (3) Whether the development can raise the overall happiness of people. If people are more unbalanced and irritable, then the development is not desirable even if people have more money. (4) Whether the development can lead to a more harmonious social order where people live in safe and orderly social environment.

  All in all, we should strive to push forward the development of China by insisting on the above correct guidance clarified by the scientific development view and adhering to the spirit of the 18th National Congress of Communist Party of China.

  

  

  

  
发布时间:2014-09-05 09:31:43