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STUDIES ON MARXISM (Monthly) 2014 No.7


 

MAIN ABSTRACTS

 

Scientifically Understanding and Positively Developing

Mixed Ownership Economy – A Dialogue about Reforming

and Strengthening State-Owned Enterprises

Xiang Qiyuan and He Ganqiang

The present controversy about mixed ownership economy is a collision between two long existing different reform views under new situation. Mixed ownership economy cannot be understood with neo-liberalism or “convergence theory”. It is necessary to understand mixed ownership economy scientifically to advance the reform of state-owned enterprises through mixed ownership economy. In practice, it is needed to stick to the combination of the general and the particular, that is, to enlarge and enhance the state-owned capital as a whole and to invigorate individual state-owned enterprises.

 

New Economic Policy and Lenin’s Conception of Socialism

Yuan Xiuli and Chen Zhangcheng

Marx and Engels’s theory about future society is a scientific prediction that guided Lenin’s theory and practice. The change from “War Communism” to New Economic Policy was a theoretical and practical exploration combined with the reality of Socialism under the guidance of Marxism. New Economic Policy is not a theoretical deviation to Marx’s conception of socialism. The essence of New Economic Policy is that the proletariat regime, under the condition of taking firm grip of power, develops commodity and monetary relations, utilizes capitalism to develop its backward economy, and improves the relationship between the proletariat and the peasantry, thus moving towards socialism. Having a clear idea about its purpose, Lenin is fully aware of its transitional nature and negative consequence.

 

An Empirical Study of the Impact of Increased Laborers’ Wages

 on Macro-Economy

Wang Yunzhong and Zhuang Lei

This paper is an empirical study on the impact of raising laborer’s wages on macro-economy based on relevant macro indexes from 1981-2012: the average monetary income, GDP, total consumption, total investment on fixed assets, total export, the actual amount of foreign capital utilization, enterprise profit and total employment, etc. The result shows that for quite some time in China, the consumption based elasticity is greater than the investment and export based elasticity with regard to laborers’ wages. The effect of raising laborers’ wages on the increase of consumption demands in economic growth is greater than the effect of investment and export decline. Raising laborers’ wages does not show any negative impact on employment, foreign capital utilization and enterprise profit. Therefore, moderate increase of laborers’ wages is helpful for overall macro-economic development.

 

Capitalist Accumulation, Class Struggle, and Labor Market Disequilibrium:

Model Construction and Implications of the Unemployment Theories

 in the Western Marxism

Li Guicai, Dic Lo, and Tao Jikun

The nature and role of unemployment in a ‘pure’ capitalist economy has been subject to multiple interpretations in Marxist economic theory. These interpretations have been variously based on theories of the dynamics of capital accumulation at the macro level – rising organic composition of capital, the tendency of falling profit rate, etc. – and labor extraction at the micro level. This paper seeks to compare and contrast the various theories, by subsuming them under a general analytical framework that can be completed or further developed by alternative causal structures within the Marxian tradition. The ambition is to contribute to the formation of a meaningful synthesis of the theories, and to highlight their relevance to the realities today.

 

On the Unification of the Spirit of the Communist Party and the People Oriented Character in Ideology and the Related Approach in Practice – Also on the Direction of Practice of Innovation in Ideological and Political Education

Zou Shaoqing

The unification of the Communist Party’s spirit and the people oriented character is the internal provision and essential requirement of a socialist ideology. Well grasping this principle will strength the Party’s leadership, dominance and discursive power in ideological and political works in China. It is also of great strategic significance for maintaining the safety of national ideology and enhancing the cultural soft power. We need to understand the internal provision and rich content of this unification and sticks to the methodology of Marxism; well grasp the holistic character, practice orientation and uniqueness of this unification. Moreover, we also need to stick to and strength the ideological basis of the leadership of Marxism, and cultivate and practice the core socialist values to realize the unification of the Communist Party’s spirit and the people oriented character.

 

The Overall Guidance of Marx and Engels on International Labor Movements: Beginning with the Formulation of three Party Programs

and the Critique of two Party Programs

Fang Guangshun

Party program is the symbol of the maturity of a working class party and also the theoretical basis and action guidance of international labor movement. Marx and Engels formulated and reviewed Party Programs to provide guidance for international labor movement, not only leaving behind valuable theoretical legacy but also promoting sound development of international labor movement. The practices of Marx and Engels show that party program is a banner publicly held by the party, that principles should not be compromised on fundamental issues such as eliminating private ownership and establishing working class regime. It is vital that we cling to the organic integration of the highest program and lowest program, guard against and criticize the erosion of motley opportunisms of both the party and labor movement, and promote solidarity within international working class for the grand course of liberating all humanity.

 

Editor: zhang Jiangang

 

发布时间:2014-08-17 09:11:55